What are the Symptoms of Periodontal Disease?

There are many signs of gingival disease;

  • Bleeding gingival while brushing teeth
  • Red, swollen and tender gingival
  • Gingival that can be easily separated from the teeth and moved away
  • Inflammatory discharge between the teeth and gingival
  • Teeth that wobble or move away from each other
  • Change in partial denture fit, deterioration
  • Constant bad breath

Periodontal diseases begin with gingivitis and the most important factor of gingivitis is dental plaque. Dental plaque hardens and calcifies with the effect of calcium and phosphate ions from saliva and calculus forms. The calculus has a rough surface and is always covered by uncalcified plaque. Thus, the calculus creates a suitable nest for the plaque, causing the inflammation to continue and aggravate. For this reason, formed tartar must be cleaned by the physician. Teeth cleaning is not a harmful or dangerous procedure. Regeneration of calculus in a cleaned mouth can be prevented by effective oral care.

There may be sensitivity in the teeth after tartar cleaning, this is normal. After scaling cleaning, the surface previously covered with calculus is exposed and there is sensitivity to cold and heat on this exposed surface. This sensitivity is expected to pass in three to four days. The important thing is that the patient does not neglect effective brushing and oral care procedures due to the sensitivity of his teeth.

It should not be forgotten that periodontal diseases are an infectious disease. Controlling disease-causing organisms is essential to control this infection. Effective periodontal protection and treatment is whole mouth disinfection that requires the cooperation of both dental professionals and patients, including professional debridement, supragingival and subgingival antiseptics, adequate oral hygiene, and sometimes specific antimicrobial agents.

Maintenance therapy also plays a very important role in the control of periodontal disease. Gingival inflammation can be brought under control when control appointments are made periodically (every 3-6 months). When advanced forms of periodontal disease are treated, healthy periodontal conditions can be achieved and periodontal health can be maintained for many years in many patients.

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